Useful information but it takes an extremely long time to read! There is too much unnecessary details, please shorten it. This goes for every chapter in the book.
“other thirteen colonies?”‘ What was New England?
The authors try to hard to make it dramatic and make the flashback dates too difficult to follow.
How is the “form it took” a contradiction?
Grammatical error in the 4th sentence, “…threats to the British liberties they saw as a their birthright.”
Why did it take so long to print the Bible if the puritans moved to the Americas so they can practice their religion.
The growth of cities was caused by the consumer revolution, levying taxes on sugar, paper, lead, etc.
There were pacifist Quakers who wanted slavery to be abolished but there were some other Quakers who did not want slavery to end. The fact of ending slavery was debatable.
-Bulk of the enslaved population lived in rural areas
-Slaves often worked as domestic servants
-Massachusetts was the first slave-holding colony in New England.
Was this actually the currency for Pennsylvania alone?
-Virginia, the oldest of the English mainland colonies, imported its first slaves in 1619.
-By 1750 there were approximately 100,000 African slaves in Virginia, at least 40% of the colony’s total population.
Was coercionthe only method used to gain imperial control?
Slavery was the central element for the region’s economy. People in the North tried to make use of slaves.
The French and Indian war was only over land and border control??
The slaves tried to protest against slavery by killing the white settlers. It wasn’t right but they deserve justice
Americans were fighting for individual freedom. The settlers became so much more independent and they valued education by viewing it as more important than before.
European society was much more stable and organized than the American society. At the time, the Europeans had a much more grounded government than the Americans.
This chapter alludes to the Albany Congress, but never uses the term, nor provides any description of the specifics discussed there. Students need to know that it had a name.
I think that is a typo for crowds
Wasn’t sure if the sentence should read
“four men in men military dress:
“prerogratives” should be prerogatives
Before the Sons of Liberty became the Sons of Liberty, they were Stamp distributors that resigned. They came from different colonies to broaden their appearance to become more popular.
After King George III became king, he brought Torres into his Ministry. It basically made things worse for the colonies. The king caused conflict between him and the colonists and the colonists soon protested against the king’s decision to stop settling in the Appalachian Mountains.
factors: war and competition
attempt to reform Beitish Empire after war.
attempt to reform British Empire after war.
Currency Act held colonies back from making paper money.
How could the revolution be fought for liberty if the wanted to continue slavery? Did Britain oppose slavery ?
What were the short and long term consequences
Who are consodered ‘common citizens’ and how did they play important roles in the local and state government
The treaty of Paris was to end the war and send slaves back. The British sent their slaves back to different locations throughout. But some Americans disobeyed the treaty of Paris and still forced their slaves to work
Most African Americans already gained their freedom in the Civil War.
[The amendment and legally abolished]
* The amendment legally abolished
[helped Grant him win most]
*helped Grant win most
[growing congregations, provided]
*growing congregations provided
After this part, the formatting on the website appears to have a large white space with nothing in it…not sure if this was intentional.
*to scare away black job-seekers
There is a large white space before the picture below (essentially room for paragraphs that no longer exist).
[away blac job-seekers]
*away black job-seekers
[The Homestead Act, meant to open the West to small farmers was often]
*The Homestead Act, meant to open the West to small farmers, was often
Andrew Johnson’s impeachment should be described here. It should not be somewhere else in the narrative.
Spelling error in first line: should be “and THEN transformed the American economy” instead of “and THE transformed the American economy.
It seems odd that there is no mention of President Johnson’s impeachment in this chapter. The nuts and bolts of the process might not be needed, but using it as an example of the division between Johnson and the Republicans in Congress is important.
Should the 2nd sentence of the paragraph be revised to read “The amendment had legally abolished slavery “except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted”?
Chopin’s novel is The Awakening, not The Great Awakening.
[gave lie to the “New” South.]
Language is probably a little too obscure, even for college students…maybe change to “contradicted”
typo: “construction of”
[ the South]
missing period: “of the South.”
[As poor as white southern mill workers were, southern blacks were poorer, and many mill workers could afford to pay for domestic help in caring for young children]
Could just be me, but the language here seems a bit ambiguous…is it supposed to say that mill workers could NOT afford to pay? If the passage is correct, consider revisions to the purpose of this sentence.
[ If measured by industrial output and railroad construction, the New South was a reality, if, relative the rest of the nation, a limited one.]
Some revisions needed. Suggested: “If measured by industrial output and railroad construction, the New South was a reality;* if, relative to* the rest of the nation, a limited one.
[Even Gladden came to accept Rockefeller’s donation and businessmen, such as the Baptist John D. Rockefeller, increasingly touted the morality of business.]
The use of Rockefeller’s name twice here is redundant…
This image does not appear in the official version of the textbook.
Typo: either “had become” or “became”
many immigrated from overseas.
If, by American Society for the Prevention of Lynching, you mean The Association of Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching, Keep in mind it doesn’t come into existence until the 1930s.
Last line of paragraph…”Entertainment [had or would] become the phonograph’s major market.”
Word is missing.
Typo on third line. Should be “operated in a single state.”
Once she became active in the temperance movement, she used the spelling “Carry A. Nation” to emphasize her goal to “Carry a Nation to Prohibition.”
It was the National WOMAN’s Party.
“But it Progressive Era”
It can be removed
[Although his reputation was wildly exaggerated, he was first major national politician to go after the trusts]
grammar- needs a “the”
[African American voters threatened to the dominance of Democratic leadership in the South, southern Democrats turned to what many white southerners understood as a series of progressive electoral and social reforms—disenfranchisement and segregation.]
wording- “threatened by” not “threatened to”
Remove this to make it flow better
Assuming this is a sarcastic remark, it might be wise to include italics or quotations for the word “fraud”
[not only his classrooms]
*not only in his classrooms
[help African Americans too accomplish]
long a participant [in] an increasingly complex network of economic, social, and cultural interactions in Latin America, entered the late-nineteenth century with a new aggressive and interventionist attitude toward its southern neighbors.
“In the midst of the terrible destruction wrought by the fighting, Americans with investment interests plead for governmental help but the United States government tried to control events and politics that could not be controlled. ”
[Two months later, American troops took Cuba’s San Juan Heights in what would become the most well-known battle of the war, winning fame not for regular soldiers but for the irregular, particularly Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders.]
[Though the Spanish-American War had begun under the administration of William McKinley, Roosevelt, the hero of San Juan Hill, Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Vice-President, and President, ]
Consider revisions here. While technically grammatically correct, the abundance of commas seems to confuse many students.
[a key moment in “savages’” progress toward]
Two changes suggested:
“in [which] savages”
[responding the shifting]
“responding [to} the shifting”
[ approached about immigration]
There seems to be quite a bit of overlap in this section with the immigration section in Chapter 18.
Because Judge magazine generally favored Republican political views (favoring McKinley and degrading W.J. Bryan), it is likely that this particular cartoon views American Imperialism and the potential for industrial opportunity in China as something favorable.
The Columbian Exchange consisted of people, animals, plants, and microbes.
This caused Ten thousand years of geographic separation, inaugurated centuries of violence, unleashed the greatest biological terror and revolutionized the history of the world.
People thought the first Americans were the Clovis people.
[ Leave a comment on paragraph 6 0 Archaeologists and anthropologists, meanwhile, focus on migration histories. Studying artifacts, bones, and genetic signatures, these scholars have pieced together a narrative that claims that the Americas were once a “new world” for Native Americans as well.]
Columbian Exchange had good and negative aspects: it had widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, technology and ideas that could be from the Americas to the Old World, in relation to colonization, trade. But the down fall was we wiped out entire populations by war and disease.
The statement in the last sentence of this paragraph, “It was God’s will, he said,” is a completely inaccurate summary of the cited journal entry.
Creation and migration: History of the first Americans started with the tells of Sky woman who fell onto Turtle Island/ North America. South Easterns’ beginings started in Mississippi Valley specifically in the Seven Caves,this was all before they migrated to New Mexico.
I would add something about the expulsion of the Jews to this sentence: “The Crusades had never ended in Iberia: the Spanish crown concluded centuries of intermittent warfare–the Reconquista–by expelling Muslim Moors [and the Jews] from the Iberian peninsula in 1492, just as Columbus sailed west. With new power, these new nations–and their newly empowered monarchs–yearned to access the wealth of Asia.
…seeking land, gold, and titles would sound better I think.
Native Americans passed down many of their traditions when they were roaming the land before the Europeans conquered it. Also specialists focused on tracking there migration history reviewing there bones, writing, and architecture.
“cattle rustlers.Such images” should be “cattle rustlers. Such images”
“such as bronc riding” should be “such as bronco riding”
“was curtailed.Americans also” should be “was curtailed. Americans also”
“frontier life.William Frederick” should be “frontier life. William Frederick”
“As many 80 toured” should be “As many as 80 toured”
This paragraph is inaccurate, and totally ignores Red Cloud’s War, a rare victory for the Plains People. The Indians compelled the U.S. government to sign the Treaty of 1868, creating the Great Sioux Reservation. That treaty remains in effect today.
This entire chapter does a poor job of describing events from the Indians’ point of view.
This is sugar-coating it. The situation in California was nothing short of genocide. The population didn’t just “collapse.”
[ response reprisals]
Choose one word or the other here
the expansion OF democracy (?).
[expansion the democracy.]
Typo, should be “expansion OF democracy” or “expansion of the democracy”
Is this something that instead belongs in the footnotes?
[(Francis Newton Thorpe ed., The Federal and State Constitutions Colonial Charters, and Other Organic Laws of the States, Territories, and Colonies Now or Heretofore Forming the United States of America Compiled and Edited Under the Act of Congress of June 30, 1906 (Washington, DC : Government Printing Office, 1909).))]
Typo. Remove “of”
Belongs in footnotes?
(James K. Polk, “President Polk’s Mexican War Message,” quoted in Statemen’s Manual: The Addresses and Messages of the Presidents of the United States, Inaugural, Annual, and Special, from 1789 to 1846: With a Memoir of Each of the Presidents and a History of Their Administrations; Also the Constitution of the United States, and a Selection of Important Documents and Statistical Information, Volume 2, (New York: Edward Walker, 1847), 1489.)
“Annual annuity” is redundant. An annuity is a sum paid every year.
Jefferson’s Notes were first published in 1785, not 1787. His comment about racial war is being badly misrepresented here: rather than encouraging white slaveowners to remain “vigilant,” he wrote this sentence to encourage emancipation and colonization. See Peter Onuf, “‘To Declare Them a Free and Independant People’: Race, Slavery, and National Identity in Jefferson’s Thought.” Journal of the Early Republic 18, no. 1 (April 1, 1998): 1–46. Additionally, I recommend citing a scholarly edition of the Notes, rather than this more obscure 1832 printing. The most recent is Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, ed. Frank Shuffelton (New York, N.Y.: Penguin Books, 1999), 145.
A more accurate way of phrasing this could be:
As early as 1785, Thomas Jefferson wrote in his Notes on the State of Virginia that slaves should be freed, but then they should be colonized to another country, where they could become an “independant people.” White people’s prejudices, and black people’s “recollections…of the injuries they have sustained” under slavery, would keep the two races from successfully living together in America. If freed slaves were not colonized, eventually there would be “convulsions which will probably never end but in the extermination of the one or the other race.” ((Thomas Jefferson, Notes on the State of Virginia, ed. Frank Shuffelton (New York, N.Y.: Penguin Books, 1999), 145.))
(The phrase “two warring nations” is not found in Jefferson’s Notes. )
The Constitution was ratified in 1788. Thus by 1790 it was TWO years , not four years later, in 1790 that…….
Mt. Empire C. College
Big Stone Gap, Va.
The Sea Islands are in large part also off the coast of Georgia. It is wrong to just say South Carolina. Actually, of over 100 islands, a few are also off Florida.
Mt. Empire Community College
The author should define the South. In paragraph 19 of this Chapter 11, Maryland is not a part of the South. In this paragraph 38, it is.
Typo: Shoud be changed to “the fever of the time”
Typo: Should be changed to “revivals of the Second”
Typo: Should be “swept along the”
The Cotton Gin was not developed by Eli Whitney. It was one of his slaves’ inventions that he patented.
The usage of the term “capitalist” and its cognates like capitalism perhaps need some explaining. The term is typically used today as a synonym of free markets, but the European colonial powers had anything but free markets. Mercantilist policies are not synonymous with free markets by definition, a definition conveniently explained in Paragraph 43 of this chapter. The state-assisted nature of mercantilism precludes it from being a free market in any strict sense. Thus, I would argue that the use of the term capitalism is somewhat misleading. Only the broadest sense of the term–that capital is being employed–could the term be appropriated used here, and yet that isn’t the commonly understood use of the term.
Actual free markets presume the Rule of Law and free agents exchanging as they see fit. Slaves simply do not fit into the liberal concept of free markets as understood at the time thanks to Smith, Grotius, and other Enlightenment philosophers. A government-assisted or government-dominated system of exchange that supports slavery is nothing like this. It would be helpful to include some economic history at this juncture to explain the competing theories and practices as they arose in the 17th century and 18th century.
There is a typo in the very first sentence of the introduction. “pecf” should be “of.”
Typo “pecf” instead of “of.
There seems to be a typo in the second to last sentence: “decoration or churches” should be changed to “decoration of churches”
Helped fuel, not fueled
Only New York had a population in 1820 of over 100,000. Philadelphia was 63,802 in 1820.
George D. Salaita
Mountain Empire Com. College
Big Stone Gap, Va 24219
Most German immigrants were NOT Catholics. Over half were Lutheran,Reormed, or antibaptist.
Only 1% per Jewish,not MANY.
Big Stone Gap, VA 24219
I meant Reformed, not Reormed.
helped fuel, not fueled. its a typo
It would be good to include a small section on the development of the first two-party system in this chapter within the discussion of the ratification debate and the first Washington administration, rather than just mentioning it within the conclusion. It would help contextualize the political debate between Jefferson’s vision and Hamilton’s vision.
The first sentence doesn’t make sense. is it supposed to be Americans had lost confidence in President Adams? They had let him know it.
The fourth sentence (begins “The Constitution counted each black individual as three-fifths of a person..”) might lead to a misunderstanding as free people of color were counted as whole persons for purposes of representation.
best, Noah Simmons
I believe this is supposed to be 1791.
“In the fall of 1761…” this is a typo and should be 1791.
This is one of the most unorganized texts I have ever read. It is obvious that many people are involved. It jumps around in time with many chronological events scattered among random paragraphs. One example is the mention of President James Monroe, without specific dates for his presidency. It focuses as much on drama and opinion than on actual historical facts. Casting shadows and imposing a political agenda is not good history. It is useful; however, for causing young American students to develop a sense of resentment for the imperfect people who started our country. When truth is revealed, they will also resent the “educational” deception that was imposed by imperfect authors.
The word “trope” five lines down is a poor choice of usage in the English language. Most of your readers will not know what is meant by this word. Actually, I looked it up, and I still don’t know what you’re trying to say!
There are a few points in this chapter where the text refers to “sex with a slave”, which is an oversight of the fact that “sex with a slave” is nothing short of sexual assault and rape. This is never pointed out or referenced, and it would do well to do so.
“EventuallyTecumseh solicited…” should be “Eventually Tecumseh solicited…”
Pontiac and Neolin are already heavily covered in “Colonial Society.” Rather than redescribing these events, there should be some kind of external link.
It is not true that Britain stood alone in Europe. Britain and her Domininew zeND ( Canada, South Africa, New Zealand, and even India sent aid, not to mention thousand from Poland and may other countries as well.
Big Stone Gap, VA
Anzio did not become surrounded. The operation was behind German lines, and the American troops there were always surrounded.
It should read Airman, not soldiers, on bombing raids left from……..
Big Stone Gap, Va. 24219
The navy does not use the word platoons as the army does.
Let’s correct the spelling of the treaty here to Guadalupe Hidalgo. Sorry for the oversight.
Proposed change from the caption under the map: “…The highest percentages lie along the Mississippi River in the “Black Belt” of MISSISSIPPI…”
[of developing Whig.]
*of a developing Whig.
No reason to have two parentheses on the outside here. Reduce it to one.
How can you say “the vast majority of northerners went to war to preserve the Union”? Actually, less than 3 million served in the Union army. If anything is true, a larger percentage of the population of the south served in the Confederate army.
Mountain Empire Community College
mistake in dates
[Sally received the label of she would share]
*Sally received the label she would share
It would be great to expand on the other half of the UFW with specific individuals representing the Filipino farm workers, particularly Larry Itliong and Philip Vera Cruz, who are both garnering greater recognition in California. While no where near as well known as Chavez, these two figures were nearly as instrumental at the movement’s successes. A great resource for this is “Delano Manongs,” a documentary outlining the Filipino farm labor movement and its part in the Delano Grape Strike. Thank you for your amazing work on this text.
Woolworths was not a department store, no more than Walmart is considered a department store in 2017. Walmart is a discount store. Woolworths was a five-and-dime store. Students today haven’t heard of five-and-dime stores, and they should not be told that Woolworths was some kind of Macys or Dillards or Kohls.
Mt. Empire Community College
Selma is not 70 miles from Montgomery, Alabama. By most accounts, the mileage is 54, or 87 km.
Would be useful to actually call this the Treaty of Versailles at some point. Some students were confused when I referred to the Treaty of Versailles.
It is Tzar not Czar, right?
This section has proven to be confusing for some students, who believe that African Americans caused all of the violence during the Red Summer. It might help to clarify that much of the violence was instigated by white people.
Most of the material in this paragraph does not support the paragraph’s first sentence that asserts Harding’s corruption because of the way the second sentence is phrased. The second sentence would work much better if “for instance” were replaced with “to be sure.” The examples such as Wallace, Hoover, and Mellon belie the paragraph’s main point but are presented as examples of Harding’s corruption.
Typo in 11th line of paragraph ‘ “fruther”
Last sentence repeats “component in African American’s long history of cultural and intellectual achievements” two paragraphs up. Also should be Americans’.
The word “amelioration” doesn’t make sense here. Perhaps appeasement is what was meant?
build a wall to keep illegal Mexican immigrants out
this is an important distinction.
The word “principal” should be changed to “principle.”
I read this paragraph fully about the difference of newest and preceding technologies, it’s awesome article.
The Jackson family did NOT come to the US from Ireland, but Northern Ireland. There is a difference.
Four of the first five presidents, for example, were from Virginia.
“Americans farmers” should be “American farmers”
“As Butler explained to an audience in Edgecome County…” Mising b, should be Edgecombe County. (Thanks Guy Aldridge)
Remove “s” at the end of “Rosenberg”
Take the n off of American.
In the sentence, “Much to Falwell’s delight, conservative Americans did, in fact, stand against and defat the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)…”, the word defeat is misspelled as “defat”
I am trying to take notes for testing/essay purposes and find some topics hard to follow. For me, I’m trying to put things in date perspective as the chapters seem to jump around. For example, one paragraph might refer to something in the 1500’s but it is hard to know if the next paragraph is in that same time or some other time. For us detailed folks, it would be nice to have date references more often or be assured that everthing listed between date references apply to the last stated time frame.
Thanks for your consideration.
I am seriously considering switching to OER material in my History 107 (Early American) and History 108 (Post Civil War) classes. So far, what I have seen is impressive. Important topics are covered without being boring and the resource material provided at the end of the chapter is excellent.
My suggestion would be to include the “date span” for each section. Those of us who have been using traditional textbooks are used to a date span and have prepared material along those lines. Having a date span on this material would make it easier to make the change from traditional textbook to OER.
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February 19, 2018 at 4:19 pm
See in context
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