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  • 01. The New World (32 comments)

    • Comment by Joshua L Freeman on September 5, 2018

      The source is mislabeled as “brooked beak of heaven” and should be fixed.

      Comment by Jesse Adelman on September 7, 2018

      This suggestion will likely just seem excessively nit-picky. In regards to the “[n]o America city, in fact, would match Cahokia’s peak population levels…” statement. Although it is somewhat implicitly stated in previous statement”north of modern-day Mexico,” the use of America in the aforementioned sentence only to refer to present day USA and Canada could cause a little confusion. As the writers of this resource I’ve had the pleasure of discovering recently probably already know, the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan had a size on par with that of Constantinople. Such a fact is likely included in many cite-able sources. The one where I had found it would be The Cambridge Economic History of Latin America: Volume 1, The Colonial Era and the Short Nineteenth Century by Coatsworth, Bulmer-Thomas, and Cortes-Conde.

      Thank you for the great work you’ve done with this website. I was never very interested in North American history until I had found this resource!

      Comment by Kristin Mann on October 2, 2018

      Poverty Point would be an excellent addition to this paragraph, or as part of a paragraph on trade in early America. http://www.povertypoint.us/

      Comment by Saleha Tahir on October 12, 2018

      Sentence two states “Europeans rediscovered or adopted Greek, Roman and Muslim knowledge.” That makes no sense. You can not rediscover anything. Europeans blatantly STOLE knowledge, & ideas & accredited it as their own. This is very misleading & should be changed considering that you have a very large audience viewing this textbook.

      Comment by Scarlet on January 17, 2019

      Role of women

      Comment by Scarlet on January 17, 2019

      The Enslavement of Native Americans.

      Comment by Scarlet on January 17, 2019

      End of Civilization

      Comment by Scarlet on January 17, 2019

      Lenape Women

      Comment by Scarlet on January 23, 2019

      Three Sisters

      Comment by Scarlet on January 23, 2019

      Matrilineal Ancestry

      Comment by Sean Dinces on January 28, 2019

      The first two sentences are poorly constructed and repetitive (e.g., word “unleashed” is used repetitively in the first two sentences). Possible rewrite:

      “Europeans’ ‘discovery’ of America unleashed waves of destructive exploitation underwritten by murder, greed, and slavery.”

      Comment by Sean Dinces on January 28, 2019

      The first two sentences are poorly constructed and repetitive (e.g., word “unleashed” is used repetitively in the first two sentences). Possible rewrite:
      “Europeans’ ‘discovery’ of America unleashed waves of destructive exploitation underwritten by murder, greed, and slavery.”

      Comment by Sugma on January 30, 2019

      Sugma Donger

      Comment by Allison A Astarita on February 6, 2019


      **decline in health

      **produced more foods

      **pusured other skills

      **people were able to do other things rather then just make food

      Comment by Benjamin Cohen on March 2, 2019

      Sistema de Castas, not Casas

      Comment by Juan M. Galvan on March 13, 2019

      This sixteenth century drawing depicts the Spanish and their Tlaxcalan allies fighting against the Purépecha, not the Aztec. The text on this image includes “guzmã,” which stands for “Nuño de Guzmán,” the Spanish conquistador who crushed the Purépecha, who were the people of “michuacá,” which is today’s Michoacán, in western Mexico.

      Comment by Michael McCormick on April 9, 2019

      The site at Buttermilk Creek, Texas, dated at roughly 15,500 years ago, predates both Monte Verde and the Florida site mentioned and might be cited as an example of a much earlier date for human activity.

      Comment by Daniel on April 18, 2019

      One of the main reasons for the shift from the ecomienda system to the repartimiento was the papal encyclical delivered by Pope Paul III in 1537 and adopted by the Spanish monarchy, the Sublimus Dei. Which stated that the Native Americans “are by no means to be deprived of their liberty or the possession of their property…nor should they be in any way enslaved…” This

      Comment by Ryan on May 1, 2019

      This paragraph is rather disingenuous.  Not one source in entire paragraph to support these claims.  So many qualifiers in every statement without one specific instance of any tribe/people/group, anywhere in America who practiced sexual liberation and care-free divorces.  Five thousand plus years of Native American history where mass human sacrifice and territorial fighting and raids were commonplace surely also saw many machismo tribes and polygamy was probably common among warring tribes where women were taken as brides by the victors.

      Comment by Jeffrey Yoham on May 11, 2019

      Europeans CAN rediscover that knowledge if it was known previously but was lost. That’s the whole point of the word “rediscover”. Europeans can also learn and adapt from others (Greeks, Romans, Muslims). Human beings adopt superior ideas and knowledge, that is a universal trait for all cultures and societies. It is unfair to attribute bad intent upon one massive group for no other reason then irrational dislike for them.

      Comment by Jeffrey Yoham on May 11, 2019

      The book should make a distinction between Columbus and the conquistadors and colonists that came after him. Columbus never killed any natives and had constantly warned the men under his command to not enact violence on them. Bartolomé de Las Casas book was written in 1542 (published in 1552), decades after Columbus died in 1506. de Las Casas admired Columbus, who his father sailed with to the New World on Columbus’s second voyage (1493). It is unfair to place Columbus in a disparaging and inaccurate light and connect him to the cruelty others had wrought on the natives. A helpful source on Christopher Columbus comes from Carol Delaney, Professor of Anthropology who wrote a book on Columbus called: Columbus and the Quest for Jerusalem (2011).

      Comment by Myron Paine on June 24, 2019

      Native Americans were Catholics, who spoke Norse.  Therir ancestors were NOT in America until the Mississippian Culture, wich is dated from AD 800.

      Comment by Gaunet Nina on July 23, 2019


      I only noticed the S in people(s), (l.8) that should maybe be removed

      I have just begun reading this, and it is very well done, thank you.


      Comment by Alexander Maldonado on August 20, 2019

      [bridged more than ten thousand years of geographic separation]

      This implies that there was communication and altercations before ten thousand years when in reality Europeans have not made contact with Native Americans in history until this point. So “more than ten thousand years” should in reality be a lot more

      Comment by Edward Hashima on August 22, 2019

      Interesting that the title of the chapter is The New World when in the very first sentences the authors note that is a misconception and misnomer. Why not follow the lead of historians such as Daniel Richter and refer to the “ancient” Americas or use a similar concept?

      Comment by Crystal Shepard on August 28, 2019

      Native Americans lived and developed governing systems within their own beliefs and knowledge of the Americas before the Europeans “discovered” their new world.  Before their arrival and greedy mindset brought disease, separation and segregation and slavery to the Americas.  Similar tactics were in place however were more humane toward both humans and animals.

      Comment by Crystal Shepard on August 28, 2019

      Native American stories of how the earth was created by their indigenous belief systems.  The broad scope of the stories aren’t much different than religious mindset.  Both have similar outcomes with different story line.  Archaeologist and anthropologist focus on a scientific study of artifacts, bones, genetic signatures tell their own story to give a similar timeline with scientific evidence.

      Comment by Crystal Shepard on August 28, 2019

      Through evidence collected after the global ice age between 12 and 20,000 years ago was when human hunter gatherers traveled in small groups as means of survival in the new land of Asia and America.

      Comment by Crystal Shepard on August 28, 2019

      The was a division of native group that understood the vast benefits of their surroundings.  Those in the NW had salmon filled rivers.  Plains and prairie, deserts, and forest the cultures were as different as their environment.

      Comment by Crystal Shepard on August 28, 2019

      Mesoamericans relied on maize/corn for survival and this began the agriculture.  North America continues to hold the importance of those that began the development and sustainability of North America.

      Comment by Veronica Riddle on September 3, 2019

      If they were so good at surviving, then how come they didn’t live into their 100’s?

      Comment by Jessica Marck on September 9, 2019

      That’s a keen observation; I guess they author’s intention is to appeal to the perspective of the European settlers, but being a valued historical textbook, they probably should have opted for a more objective title. I agree…I wonder why they chose that approach.

  • 16. Capital and Labor (14 comments)

    • Comment by maria yamilet medina on January 14, 2019


      Comment by Erik on January 16, 2019

      I believe Bryan served in the US House, representing Nebraska, not “the Nebraska House of Representatives.”  Similarly, he was unsuccessful in his campaign for the US Senate, not “the Nebraska Senate.”

      Comment by Lia on January 17, 2019

      My name pickle jeff

      Comment by Tom B on January 21, 2019

      typo: poise should read poised

      Comment by Steven Kite on January 24, 2019

      In the reference material section, the Industrial Workers of the World are mistakenly listed as the “International” Workers of the World.

      Comment by Amanda Huginkiss on January 30, 2019

      Hello. I need amanda huginkiss. Can someone give me amanda hugikiss.

      Comment by Hector on January 30, 2019

      Hola Jeff. Me llamo Hector.

      Comment by Douchebag on January 30, 2019

      Hello Anthony!!!!!!!!!!!!!

      Comment by Tyler on February 13, 2019

      I give hug and kiss.

      Comment by Anika on April 2, 2019

      Hello I am Anika


      Comment by Brenda Mulchrone on April 13, 2019

      “In the summer of 1886, the campaign for an eight-hour day, long a rallying cry that united American laborers, culminated in a national strike on May 1, 1886.” What kind of sentence is this?  It’s like a run-on sentence made of sentence fragments.  Should “long” be “rang”?

      Comment by Brenda Mulchrone on April 13, 2019

      Nevermind. I get it.

      Comment by Brendan Joel Stanford on May 13, 2019

      should there be a comma?

      Comment by Damian Fisher on June 29, 2019

      The artist’s name is misspelled – should be Snyder not Synder

  • 20. The Progressive Era (11 comments)

    • Comment by joy roman on September 17, 2018

      feel like something is missing

      Comment by joy roman on September 17, 2018

      feels like something is missing

      Comment by Morgan Musgrove on September 17, 2018

      There is an extra A at the beginning of this paragraph

      Comment by Joe on September 22, 2018

      Fixed. Thanks!

      Comment by Connor Heideman on October 2, 2018

      The last sentence seems to have a flaw, all that is needed is to add the word “do”.

      “…should ask themselves what they could __ to enact the kingdom…”

      Comment by Erik on February 10, 2019

      The last sentence of this paragraph refers to “Carnegie’s U.S. Steel,” implying that Andrew Carnegie was running U.S. Steel when Taft was President.  I don’t believe that was the case.

      Comment by jorje on February 13, 2019

      their is nothing about frank norris in here plz add him

      Comment by Grayson on February 26, 2019

      You spelled “please” incorrectly. In addition, you spelled your own name, “George”, incorrectly. You have also used the incorrect “there”. You neglected to capitalize your first letter, add a comma between “here” and “please”, and you forgot a period to conclude. It would please me if you corrected these errors.

      Comment by Melanie Gustafson on September 18, 2019

      It is the National American Woman Suffrage Association not the National American Suffrage Association.

      Comment by Melanie Gustafson on September 18, 2019

      You have it wrong here again: It is the National American Woman Suffrage Association


      Comment by Melanie Gustafson on September 18, 2019

      It should be U.S. Steel not Carnegie’s U.S. Steel.

  • 28. The Unraveling (10 comments)

    • Comment by Anon on September 9, 2018

      Repeated sentence

      Comment by Moekenzip roeski on November 2, 2018

      Looksie here bud i hate ur and ur mom

      Comment by Moekenzip roeski on November 2, 2018

      pp succsickle

      Comment by Moekenzip roeski on November 2, 2018

      Owo whats THIS *notices your bulge*

      Comment by Moekenzip roeski on November 2, 2018

      Lik if u cri everytim

      Comment by Albert on November 6, 2018

      “Former one-term Georgia governor Jimmy Carter…”. This is true, but it implies that Carter lost his run for a second term. He was term-limited so he couldn’t run. I would strike the reference to one term.

      Comment by E on April 17, 2019

      Robert F. Kennedy was killed, not Robert F. Kennedy Jr., his son.

      Comment by Joselyn Thomas on April 28, 2019

      The paragraph ends with the word detente” with a closed quote sign. Just a typographical error.

      Comment by Michele Rotunda on May 6, 2019

      Would be useful to mention the Equal Pay Act specifically.

      Comment by Chris Rutkowsky on July 24, 2019

      The last 2 sentences read “Americans cringed at Nick Ut’s wrenching photograph of a naked Vietnamese child fleeing an American napalm attack. More and more American voices came out against the war.”

      Surely the photograph in question should be included, at the very least, in the Primary Sources that accompany this chapter. 

  • 06. A New Nation (10 comments)

    • Comment by Serena Zabin on September 7, 2018

      The bibliography seems to have been pasted twice.

      Comment by Bryana Wallace on January 29, 2019

      Americans goal was coming true: “that the United States would become a diverse but cohesive prosperous nation”

      Comment by Bryana Wallace on January 29, 2019

      new nation was having difficulties and tried to resolve them by putting emphasis on “unity and cooperation”

      Even the Constitution was controversial and tried to strengthen the government to help resist internal conflicts

      Comment by Bryana Wallace on January 29, 2019

      farmers were in a great debt in western Massachusetts and was increased by weak local and national economies

      farmers were afraid of getting shut down by their creditors so they fought for their property

      Comment by Bryana Wallace on January 29, 2019

      soldiers helped fight as well

      Comment by Bryana Wallace on January 29, 2019

      The farmers and soldiers were named the “Shaysites”.
      They were led by a veteran named Daniel Shays
      They resorted to tactics used by the patriots before the Revolution

      Comment by Bryana Wallace on January 29, 2019

      governor, James Bowdoin believed that the Shaysites ere rebels who wanted to rule the government through mob violence.

      Comment by Denise Garay on February 27, 2019

      Didn’t we learn that Abraham Lincoln made thanksgiving a national holiday??

      Comment by Daniel Brown on May 14, 2019

      I believe you need to expound more on the New Jersey plan to the students. After all, prior to the Great Compromise the delegates debated for two weeks over a bicameral (Virginia Plan) and a unicameral (New Jersey Plan).  At least give the credit to the person that presented it to the Convention, William Paterson.

      Comment by Daniel Brown on May 14, 2019

      This would be a great place to discuss more of the Bill of Rights. All in all you have barely provided a sentence to what Rights the Bill protects. Especially in today’s political climate and the fact that a majority of High School students do not understand the Bill of Rights, namely the ninth and tenth amendments.

  • 04. Colonial Society (9 comments)

    • Comment by Thomas Kidd on September 4, 2018

      The sermon was delivered in Enfield, Mass/Conn., not Northampton.

      Comment by Micah Rueber on September 6, 2018

      The line “15 to 20 percent of Pennsylvania’s colonial population was enslaved by 1750” is not supported by the reference, which shows that approximately 2% of PA residents were enslaved.

      Comment by rabbit on October 3, 2018

      shfkhsdkfhskdfjhskdjfhksdhfk skdfhkdsfhdfhsdf

      Comment by hebbi on November 28, 2018


      Comment by Cody Boushey on January 28, 2019

      I believe the two women are named “hypocrisy” and “deceit”

      Comment by Sean Dinces on February 2, 2019

      My students have been pretty confused by this paragraph b/c it makes little distinction between trade regulations pre-1764 and post-1764. Seems like there should be at least some mention that the Sugar Act was in large part about better forcing existing duties through Admiralty courts, etc.

      Comment by Sean Dinces on February 2, 2019

      Unclear which of the particular regulations listed were passed in 1705 and which came earlier.

      Comment by Karen Auman on May 9, 2019

      Georgia was founded by a philanthropic group, known as the Georgia Trustees. Oglethorpe was just one member and it is incorrect to label him the founder. The Georgia Trustees banned slavery.

      Comment by Eve Hepner on September 2, 2019

      I noticed a small error in the American Yawp version of Gibson Clough’s War Journal.
      Here is a short quote from the current Yawp version of Gibson Clough’s War Journal:
      “Here begins the New Year 1700”
      The actual version on the Essex Institute Historical Collections in the Internet Archive cited below the online version on this cite reads:
      “Here begins the New Year 1760”

  • 05. The American Revolution (8 comments)

    • Comment by Cha Boi on September 12, 2018


      Comment by y on October 3, 2018


      Comment by Garrett Bowers on October 10, 2018

      Good Morning,

      The inclusion of the phrase “salutary neglect” in this paragraph or in paragraph #9 of the same chapter referencing British colonial policy would be helpful. The phrase can help students name the colonial policy more succinctly and provides a utilitarian short form for them to use in writing/referring to the time period.

      Thank you all–the Yawp is everything good about academics!


      Comment by Pat on December 15, 2018

      Just a style thing: “throughout the colonies” appears twice in quick succession and three times in this paragraph. 11 times in the chapter total.

      Comment by Sean Dinces on February 3, 2019

      This paragraph is confusing. The previous paragraph says, correctly, that the Tea Act exempted the EIC from having import duties applied to its Tea. So the the phrase “colonists would be paying the duty” needs clarification.

      Comment by Sean Dinces on February 3, 2019

      In other words, needs clarification that EIC did not have to pay import duties but purchasers of tea still had to pay standard duties on their purchases.

      Comment by Patrick Hightower on September 13, 2019

      [in the colonies]

      This seems redundant as the sentence begins with “Colonial”

      Comment by Steve Rugila on September 17, 2019

      “Colonial political culture in the colonies”

      This is redundant, it should be “Political culture in the colonies” or “Colonial political culture”

  • 15. Reconstruction (7 comments)

    • Comment by Ana Aguilar on September 6, 2018

      Why was the south in ruins ?


      Comment by Ana Aguilar on September 6, 2018

      Im thinking what could have happen for a person to think omg its so unbelievable what happen and I have no idea what happen in their own place that they live

      Comment by Ana Aguilar on September 6, 2018

      “barely good roads”

      Comment by Ana Aguilar on September 6, 2018


      Comment by Madison C on February 3, 2019

      missing ending parenthesis at the end of paragraph

      Comment by Albert Fall on February 28, 2019

      You see, the thing about wars….

      Comment by Jazmine Neal on May 20, 2019

      [These so-called Lincoln governments sprang up in pockets where Union support existed like Louisiana, Tennessee, and Arkansas. Unsurprisingly, these were also the places that were exempted from the liberating effects of the Emancipation Proclamation.]

      Emancipation Proclamation was more of a blow to the rebelling states, not to actually abolish slavery. The less rebellious states were rewarded by getting to keep their slaves.

  • 25. The Cold War (7 comments)

    • Comment by Hayden Cole on December 4, 2018

      “Nuclear” is misspelled. In addition, the sentence might be better structured by writing as follows: “J. Robert Oppenheimer, director of the Los Alamos nuclear laboratory…

      Comment by Maegan Albert on December 7, 2018

      Soured should be soared – first sentence

      Comment by Maegan Albert on December 7, 2018

      Please ignore this. I’m studying for a final and forgot that “soured” is actually a word.

      Comment by Vincent Nguyen on March 11, 2019

      Paul Robeson was an American Actor and singer, not signer.

      Comment by Corinne Gressang on March 18, 2019

      Same as above comment. Typo

      Comment by Stone Criddle on March 26, 2019

      Wernher von Braun should not be referred to as a “former top German rocket scientist”. Instead, he should be referred to as a “Nazi rocket scientist”. This reference is more conducive to maintenance of the truth.

      Comment by R. N. Nelson on August 3, 2019

      The end of this paragraph mentions “containment” for the first time. What that means is never defined anywhere in the chapter.

  • 12. Manifest Destiny (7 comments)

    • Comment by Kate Bennecker on August 10, 2019

      Is this what’s now called Oregon State, or the Oregon Territory?

      Comment by barthoumule on August 28, 2019


      Comment by barthoumule on August 28, 2019

      this all can be edited don’t trust it


      Comment by Kellie Marie Lavin on September 2, 2019

      Verb tense should be changed in sentence #2 of this paragraph. It should read:

      “This treaty ceded lands in Georgia for $5 million and, the signatories hoped, would limit future conflicts between the Cherokee and white settlers.

      Comment by Kellie Marie Lavin on September 2, 2019

      In paragraph 29, there is an extra word that should be removed. It says:

      “Not every instance was of removal was as treacherous…”

      The first “was” in that sentence should be removed.

      Comment by Kellie Marie Lavin on September 2, 2019

      In the sentence that begins “Not every instance…” in paragraph 29, the transition “while, on the other hand,” does not seem to fit well. This sentence might be better divided into two sentences, with some minor changes also made to the sentence that follows. Perhaps:

      “Not every instance of removal was as treacherous or demographically disastrous as the Cherokee example. Furthermore, tribes responded in a variety of ways. Some tribes violently resisted removal. Ultimately, over sixty…”

      Comment by Christopher Shelley on September 19, 2019

      The periodization with this is awkward. Manifest Destiny is best dealt with as a Western phenomenon. Indian Removal should be dealt with earlier under the Age of Jackson. Placing it here makes this chapter longer than it need be, and confuses the issues here.

  • 09. Democracy in America (7 comments)

    • Comment by Porter on October 24, 2018

      There is no conclusion for this chapter. All of the other chapters so far, have one.

      Comment by Ryan Facey on November 5, 2018

      This chapter absolutely needs a detailed recounting of Jackson’s Indian Removal policy, culminating in the trail of tears. It’s a huge whole in what is presented in the chapter.

      Comment by Megan Cherry on November 9, 2018

      The Trail of Tears is mentioned later in chapter 12, but I agree with Ryan that it would be far better to include that information here.  Perhaps it could be briefly recapped in chapter 12 but presented in depth here?

      Comment by David Salmanson on November 27, 2018

      I’d love to add a sentence either here or in paragraph 10 that connects to the image in terms of the rise of political parties and, well, partying and campaigning.

      Comment by David Salmanson on November 27, 2018

      Is this the place to mention the spoils system/rotation in office?  Postal clerks were generally the only source of hard currency, especially in the frontier so the democratization of gvt. work regardless of qualifications sets up the bank war.

      Comment by Stephen Campbell on July 7, 2019

      Can I make a suggestion for an additional entry to the Recommended Reading section? Stephen Campbell has recently published a monograph on the Bank War with the University Press of Kansas. It is one of the few monographs to come out on this subject in the last forty years and it is also one of the most detailed. I do believe that reading this monograph closely will improve the section on the Bank War for this chapter. Thank you for your consideration.

      Comment by Steven Wagner on July 29, 2019

      The date range in the title of this primary source should read “1819-1820,” not 1920 as appears here and on the page with the document itself.

  • 11. The Cotton Revolution (6 comments)

    • Comment by Theresa Schortgen on February 19, 2019

      a a = remove one of them


      In fact, the South experienced a a greater rate of urbanization between 1820 and 1860 than the seemingly more industrial, urban-based North. 


      independant = incorrectly spelled

      Comment by MICHAEL SNYDER on April 5, 2019

      The link to University of Virginia doesn’t work, or at least didn’t work for me.

      Comment by Robert Scibelli on April 10, 2019

      Found a typo, I believe there should only be one “a”

      Comment by hi on May 29, 2019

      Slaves had become more valuable and expensive.

      Comment by SJR on August 1, 2019

      It seems as though this section indicates that the rise of American cotton is directly responsible for the advent of the modern fashion system, which is not the case. “Fashion” – where styles change for change’s sake – has been present since the 1400s. People have been wearing decoration on their apparel that goes beyond utility since apparel was developed.

      The use of the word “honest” seems disingenuous as well – all clothing has a function (to cover the body; to differentiate gender, age, status, etc; to protect from the elements…). What does “honest” refer to?

      Comment by Adele Oltman, PhD on August 13, 2019

      Morgan — and others, including John Thornton — show that those first “20 Negars and then some” were not exactly unfree. Or if they were, they were as “unfree” as poor white indentured servants from England were.  Virginia colonists baptized those first 20 men from Africa (who were traded for food). According to English law, a person who was baptized could not be enslaved. This would change, of course.  See “The Terrible Transformation,” part of the PBS series, Africans in the Americas.

      The story of Anthony Johnson is instructive. He arrived in the VA colony somewhere around 1619. He was baptized and he somehow managed to survive his term of servitude (unlike most in the first generations of the colony — the colony was a death trap). Johnson got his freedom dues and at some point he purchased “head rights” so that by 1655 he owned a modest plantation on which he grew tobacco. That  was the year that one of his servants, a black man from Africa named Cesar, sued Johnson for his freedom. Cesar lost. Significant is that the local magistrate not only heard the case between two black men, but less significant is that he ruled in Johnson’s favor.

      When I teach Morgan and I pull out this primary source it doesn’t take long for my students to figure out why the magistrate ruled in Johnson’s favor: he was a landowner.

      Colonists were still working out how racial inferiority and slavery was going to operate in the colony (and also neighboring colony of Maryland). You begin to see this gradually; but after Bacon’s Rebellion in 1676 planters begin to move toward racialized slavery faster and systematically for a variety reasons, not least of which was that they wanted to continue to exploit workers to produce cash crop and at the same time mitigate the possibilities for interracial uprisings against the ruling elites.


  • 10. Religion and Reform (6 comments)

    • Comment by steven on November 7, 2018






      Comment by Emmaline R Avis on November 8, 2018

      Mormon should be changed Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. This was and still is the real name of the religion.

      Comment by Catherine Cirotti on April 8, 2019

      Spelling correction: runaway

      Comment by ty murray on April 8, 2019

      honestly taught me nothing, horrible website, never to be used again. #disapointing

      Comment by Tyler Soutas on June 2, 2019

      This is a very shallow summary of the life of Joseph Smith and the impact he had on religion in America.

      A few clarifications—the rites he instituted in the temples were not “secret” as it says. They were held very sacred to members of the church, and were not to be shared outside the temple because of its sacredness.

      When this mentions polygamy, it mentions nothing about why it was instituted among members of this church —the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (not the “Mormon Church”). Polygamy was very distasteful to most members of the church. They were only willing to participate in it because they believed it was a commandment that god restored once again—a commandment which he had given to many other biblical prophets. Joseph Smith never claimed ownership of the idea of polygamy, but that he received divine revelation and commandment from God to institute it among the people for the purpose of accelerating the growth of a righteous people. This is why they did it, not because they were experimenting sexually.

      The way this paragraph is worded is mildly offensive

      Comment by Tyler Soutas on June 2, 2019

      Also, Joseph Smith did not borrow the idea of sending out missionaries from the Methodists. He was a prophet who drew upon revelation from God, not from existing religious organizations. He also drew inspiration from the New Testament, The Book of Mormon, and from revelations given to him (since he was a prophet) which are now compiled and known as the Doctrine and Covenants.

  • 02. Colliding Cultures (6 comments)

    • Comment by Sharleen Levine on January 6, 2019

      Font size does not match the rest of the chapter. Besides this paragraph, the font size is not consistent in other parts of Sections 1-3 of Chapter 2. Please fix for readability, especially for visually impaired readers.

      Comment by Unit 2 on January 14, 2019

      Puritans were stereotyped as  killjoys, Puritans did not succeed. Puritans would not stay away from alcohol or sex based on their religion or life style.Puritans believe that the European church was to close to Catholicism.

      Comment by Daniel on April 18, 2019

      I feel that you should include the term iconoclasm here as this was the name given to the abolition or ornate churches, and that the definition should be expanded upon a but to show the full breath of reforms that the Puritans were attempting to achieve.

      Comment by Daniel on May 20, 2019

      There needs to be a section dedicated to the explorations of de Soto.

      Comment by Brantly Bemis on September 2, 2019

      Not sure where you are getting your information from, but Oñate cut off the foot of every male above the age of 25. He enslaved everyone between the ages of 12-25.

      Comment by Shawn Louis Marchelsano00222000 on September 12, 2019

      Diseases wiped out entire civilizations

      nutrient rich foods help European population

      Spaniard slaughter acoma of 1500 inhabitants

      Black legend – drew on religous diff, and political rivalries

      Middle ground The great lakes had lots of success

      Labor shortages crippled the Dutch

      the puritians commited to reforming the church of england






  • 19. American Empire (6 comments)

    • Comment by Paul Villa on January 23, 2019

      Mahan was arguably the most influential American strategist of the 19th and early 20th Centuries. It would be helpful to include a selection from his work, “The Influence of Sea Power upon History” in the primary sources for this chapter.

      Comment by Walker Robins on April 10, 2019

      This paragraph basically reproduces the content of paragraph 39.

      Comment by Heath Madsen on June 18, 2019

      “For instance” used twice in close proximity. Consider revision.

      Perhaps: “In spite of their christian motivations, some Missionaries worked alongside business interests. American missionaries in Hawai’i, for example, obtained large tracts of land on which they started lucrative sugar plantations.”

      Comment by Ryan Facey on June 21, 2019

      I think the topic of Hawaiian annexation needs to be addressed with more detail. Sanford B. Dole, King Kalākaua, The Bayonet Constitution, Queen Liliuokalani and other details deserve to be discussed.

      Comment by Aims McGuinness on July 27, 2019

      The separation of Panama from Colombia took place in 1903, not 1901.

      Comment by Astrid N Avelar on September 11, 2019

      i love jungkook

  • 26. The Affluent Society (6 comments)

    • Comment by name on September 30, 2018

      fix “InIn” in the beginning of paragraph 67

      Comment by Destiny on January 4, 2019

      n hjvjhgvhvbjhvhjvtfxctfctfcftcftftvtgvygvuycyf6tfyttgyvygcyfygvuhhwuijrafhiuwefidjsbcouiadgvuhadbvcuhsdgfuchwdbvcuhwdbfuiwefiuwebfpijwbsfipcwerfuyweufhbedfuogewfyweadufhoiuwegf80uuewfiuewbfuewgfyedvy8ewvb

      Comment by Cary Hartline on February 11, 2019

      At the beginning of the paragraph, there is an extra “In” at the beginning of the sentence.

      Comment by Sam Coppock on March 5, 2019

      There are two “In”s

      Comment by Caleb McDaniel on March 20, 2019

      I’m writing on behalf of an undergraduate class of students at Rice University, who suggest:

      “We would suggest elaborating on the final phrase ‘in the hands of those who opposed it.’ It’s an incredibly nebulous phrase that fails to identify the full scope of massive resistance to desegregation, and leaves it to the reader to assume who the opponents of integration were. The photographs demonstrate resistance, but one way to incorporate it into the text would be to cite the Southern Manifesto. Several high profile political figures including all but three southern senators were a part of the aforementioned massive resistance, and they should be identified (for details on this and their names, see James Patterson, Grand Expectations, Page 398). This will improve the narrative by telling a more accurate picture of how Brown v Board was received by the country.”

      Comment by Autumn on June 13, 2019

      In paragraph 67, there is an extra “In”  at the beginning.

  • 21. World War I & Its Aftermath (6 comments)

    • Comment by Kirk Johnson on February 19, 2019

      This paragraph fails to note that Gavrilo Princip was a member of Black Hand. It also suggests that Austria-Hungary was aggressively seeking to annex Serbia, but ignores the expansionist “Greater Serbia” ideology of Black Hand, as well as the role of Austria-Hungary in supporting the Obrenovic dynasty over the then-ruling Karadjordic Dynasty.

      Comment by Hua Rong on March 8, 2019

      This here says that Lodge’s opponents managed to block entry into the League of Nations. How can this be so if Lodge himself was an opponent?

      Comment by Amy Bergseth on May 6, 2019

      Should it be: “Wilson’s opponents successfully blocked America’s entry into the League of Nations” not Lodge’s opponents but Wilson’s?


      Comment by C. Ozarow on May 31, 2019

      “Victor Huerta” should be “Victoriano Huerta”

      Comment by Betty on June 5, 2019

      It should be the “Austro-Hungarian Empire,” not the “Austrian-Hungarian Empire.”

      Comment by Jaedan Ford on July 9, 2019

      should be: “Lodge’s supporters” not “Lodge’s opponents”

  • 03. British North America (6 comments)

    • Comment by alaya on September 6, 2018

      im just tryna remove this

      Comment by alaya on September 6, 2018

      it didnt even work…smh

      Comment by George W. Bush on September 21, 2018

      maybe please don go

      Comment by Elizabeth Nix on October 3, 2018

      In an open-book exam, I asked students to describe the difference between indentured servants and enslaved workers, and many students went to this paragraph to seek an explanation. The inclusion of “tithable” is confusing to students, and while this point in the legal history can be clarifying for scholars, it makes no sense to readers in an introductory survey course. Also, I never found a clear statement of the distinctions between indentured servants and enslaved workers, but maybe I have missed it.

      It might be more useful to include this specific reference to the notion of an African woman being “tithable” in a footnote, but to state the legal status of enslaved people more plainly.

      Comment by Sean Dinces on January 30, 2019

      I think the Gallay reference should be in an endnote?

      Comment by noah matthew on September 1, 2019


  • 18. Life in Industrial America (5 comments)

    • Comment by Bligh on January 28, 2019

      I suggest a word change in this sentence:

      Immigrant communities published newspapers in dozens of languages and purchased spaces to maintain their arts, languages, and traditions alive.

      Either remove the word “alive’ or change the word “maintain” to “keep.” Such a change will improve the readability of the passage. Thank you.


      Comment by Sean Dinces on February 4, 2019

      This paragraph should mention and define patronage so students reading this will wonder why in the world machine bosses engaged in these types of “mutual aid” activities.

      Comment by Stacey Young on February 10, 2019

      There is a typo towards the end of the paragraph:

      “A Russian Jewish family persecuted in European pogroms…” should be programs.

      Comment by bob on March 14, 2019

      plz help me this reading takes too long

      Comment by SJR on August 1, 2019

      “Pogroms” is the correct word here. A pogrom is an organized riot/massacre. I’ve only ever heard the term used in this specific situation, where Europeans planned the wholesale destruction of a Jewish community.

  • 24. World War II (5 comments)

    • Comment by Christopher Flores on September 6, 2018

      “Comprehending Japanese motivations for attacking China and the grueling stalemate of the ensuring war are crucial for understanding Japan’s seemingly unprovoked attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii”
      Is the word “ensuring” supposed to be “ensuing”?

      Comment by Joe on September 22, 2018

      Yes it was. It’s fixed now. Thanks!

      Comment by Alyssa DiDonato on November 3, 2018



      Comment by Erik Hearne on March 21, 2019

      Not a criticism but more a request. I didn’t see much or any mention of the lend-lease program championed by Roosevelt preceding the U.S. entry into the war. This chapter would benefit from a section on it as this was vital to Roosevelt’s attempt to bypass the rest of the country’s isolationist perspectives.

      Comment by Walker Robins on April 10, 2019

      Reintroduces and re-explains material introduced in paragraph 63.

  • 14. The Civil War (4 comments)

    • Comment by Lacy J Hawkins on December 14, 2018

      I don’t think this is a “photograph” like it says it is.

      Comment by your mom on January 25, 2019

      the south was right

      Comment by madi on February 3, 2019

      You just need to insert the opening parentheses before “Peace Democrat” at the end of the paragraph 🙂

      Comment by Ian Iverson on July 1, 2019

      The characterization of Douglas as pro-slavery is misleading and confusing. While Douglas’ personal position on the slavery question remains up for debate (see Graham Peck’s Making an Antislavery Nation and Adam I.P. Smith’s The Stormy Present for contrasting perspectives) the fact that mattered at Charleston in 1860 was that he had taken a moderately anti-slavery stand over Lecompton– thus alienating Southern Democrats. The Douglas Democrats failed to adopt an explicitly pro-slavery platform at Charleston and stuck to popular sovereignty (with all of its ambiguity). For clarity in this paragraph, I would simply label Douglas as “a champion of popular sovereignty” rather than “a pro-slavery moderate.”

  • General Comments (4 comments)

    • Comment by Jack Buchanan on October 31, 2018

      Some of the paragraphs the text size is smaller then others for not apparent reason.

      I don’t know if there is way to fix that but, if possible please try.

      Comment by Megan Cherry on November 9, 2018

      It would be fantastic if there were instructor resources (quiz questions, etc.) available as well.

      Comment by Paul Villa on January 23, 2019

      It would be useful to include in the primary sources for Chapter 6, the US Constitution, since so much of that chapter is dedicated to that document. It would also be nice to include a selection from The Federalist Papers so students can understand the framing of the debate over the Constitution. Given the polarized nature of the electorate today, perhaps Federalist 10 would serve the purpose.

      Comment by Andrea Gomez on February 15, 2019

      It would be great if you could highlight the text and underline it, as if it were a real textbook. Having a toolbar that allows you to take notes like you do in a physical book would be utterly helpful.

  • 17. Conquering the West (4 comments)

    • Comment by Christopher Hastings on September 23, 2018

      The Battle of Whitestone Hill took place from Sept. 3-5.  Although the bulk of the fighting occurred on the 3rd, there were engagements on the 4th and 5th.  Also, estimates of Sioux casualties range from 100-300.  Might want to mention the name of the battle as well.

      Comment by Damian on June 28, 2019

      Annie shot apples off of her English Setter, I can’t find any information about a poodle.

      Comment by joeeee on August 16, 2019

      this is very bad

      Comment by Lindsay Marshall on September 23, 2019

      Titling this chapter “Conquering the West” perpetuates a triumphalist view of westward expansion and valorizes the perpetrators of genocide against Native peoples during the nineteenth century.

  • 22. The New Era (4 comments)

    • Comment by Christopher Maples on October 10, 2018

      [In 1919, the UNIA announced plans to develop a shipping company called the Black Star Line as part of a plan that pushed for blacks to reject the political system and to “return to Africa” instead.”]

      I see that there is an unnecessary quotation after Africa at the end of this sentence, but please let me know if it is there on purpose.

      Comment by Cassidy Janso on March 6, 2019

      In the 6th paragraph of the primary source, on the 4th line, the word “the” is not spelled correctly. There is also an “s” in the middle of the sentence, where it is supposed to be attached to the end of the word “it.”

      Comment by Joseph Kirven on April 25, 2019

      Secretarty of the Navy Edwin Denby was never convicted and was never sent to jail. Please reference the Denby Family Papers in the Library of Congress Database.

      Comment by SI on August 5, 2019

      This chapter does not mention anything about Native Americans becoming citizens of The United States for the first time ever.

      If mentioned, please disregard.

  • 30. The Recent Past (3 comments)

    • Comment by chris parisi on April 26, 2019

      I think you have done a wonderful job of scholarship on what you have in this chapter, but I believe that there are some key aspects that shouldn’t get left out.  H.W. Bush’s Panamanian invasion and the ouster of Noriega is missing here.  I believe that it fits in with the long shadow of both Cold War anticommunism, globalized economics, Latin American foreign policy and the Drug Wars.  I would be happy to provide content if you wished.  My feeling was that it belonged somewhere between paragraph 10 and 11.

      Comment by Sean Dinces on May 28, 2019

      Should be “Katherine Harris” instead of “Kathleen Harris”

      Comment by Kerry Hall on July 10, 2019

      I would suggest less on Clinton’s attacks on Iraq while being sure to mention that a key cause of the Iraq war (besides WMD)was the false allegation that Saddam was allies with al Qaeda. Thank you!

  • 07. The Early Republic (3 comments)

    • Comment by Catherine Seok on September 9, 2018

      typos: James Peale’s name and “responsible” are spelled incorrectly

      Comment by RIYA SHARMA on October 18, 2018

      Should say: roles as wives and mothers, not as mothers. 

      Additionally: typos as listed above.

      Comment by Loveday T. on May 13, 2019

      Shouldn’t the Republicans actually be called the “Democratic-Republicans,” since the actual Republican party wasn’t started until the 1850s to combat slavery?

  • 23. The Great Depression (2 comments)

    • Comment by Gru on March 4, 2019

      BIG PP

      Comment by Erik on March 14, 2019

      The 1937 strike at GM in Flint, MI was not “the first instance of a ‘sit-down’ strike.”  It’s debated which was the first sit-down strike in US labor history, but many cite a brewery workers strike in Cincinnati in 1884, or Akron, Ohio rubber workers strike in 1936.  The 1937 sit-down at Flint was probably the most historically significant sit-down strike, but not the first use of the tactic.

  • 27. The Sixties (2 comments)

    • Comment by Dave on December 18, 2018

      George Wallace did not by any means embody conservative views, he was a typical, racist liberal democrat. This needs to be changed immediately. This skewing of history books to fit an agenda bullshit needs to stop. Write the history as it happened. Stop being assholes, thanks. The democrats are the true racists from the beginning. They always have been and will continue to be.

      Comment by Bill Zeman on May 3, 2019

      The most prominent pre-UFWA Latino rights group after WWII was the GI Forum led by Hector Garcia. They first broke into national prominence by their support for Felix Longoria, a WWII fatality whose family was denied waking rights in the local chapel in Three Rivers, Texas. This greatly expanded their reach as they organized Latino vets all over the country to fight for GI Bill and voting rights. They were successful in these fights and even got the first Latinos appointed to high office as a result of their political support of Kennedy and Johnson with the Viva Kennedy and Viva Johnson clubs.

      They should have a paragraph of their own in the 1950s chapter, but at least a meniton in the line in front of MAPA and MALDF.

  • 08. The Market Revolution (2 comments)

    • Comment by Maggie G. on May 10, 2019

      [dozens of slates]

      minor typo – should be “slaves”

      Comment by Ryan Facey on July 12, 2019

      Text Says Tauten, Maine (which I don’t think has ever existed). The referenced source clearly says Tauton, Ma.

  • 29. The Triumph of the Right (2 comments)

    • Comment by Andrew Paul on December 3, 2018

      I know talking about “liberalism” is alway going to be imperfect, but the phrase “economic liberalism” here is especially apt to be misconstrued. Instructors like myself take the time to peel back common (and historical) misuses of the term liberalism, and usages like this have the potential to undo some of that work.

      Comment by hi on May 10, 2019


  • 13. The Sectional Crisis (2 comments)

    • Comment by Bill on September 7, 2018

      Last sentence doesn’t make specific reference to Haiti. Might be confusing for some…keep up the great work!

      Comment by Matpat on November 19, 2018


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